“Quality is not an act, it is a habit.” ~Aristotle

#Quality is not an act, it is a habit. ~Aristotle

The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, Socrates and Plato together with laid much of the foundation for Western philosophy.

The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born around 384 BC, Stagira, in Greece. He turned 17, he enrolled at the Academy of Plato. Alexander the Great in 338, he began to read. In 335, the teaching and writings of Aristotle, which spent most of the rest of his life studying in Athens, his own school, the Lyceum founded. He left Athens and the Aristotle fled to Chalcis, died in 322 BC.

The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born around 384 BC, Stagira, a port that was once a small town on the northern coast of Greece. Aristotle’s father, Nicomachus, Macedonian King Amyntas II was the court physician. Aristotle Nicomachus was just a young boy died when Aristotle is closely associated with and for the rest of your life are affected by the Macedonian court. Little mother, Phaestis known about; Aristotle was little, when he is believed to have died.

After Aristotle’s father died, he came of age, as long as Aristotle’s older sister, Arimneste was married, which of Atarneus Proxenus, became patron of Aristotle. Aristotle was 17, Proxenus to obtain a higher education sent him to Athens. At the time, Athens was considered the educational center of the universe. In Athens, Aristotle, Plato’s Academy, the Greek premier educational institution attended and proved an exemplary scholar. Aristotle, the Greek philosopher Plato, himself a student of Socrates and the two maintained a relationship with his Academy for decades. Plato died in 347 BC Aristotle did not agree with some of Plato’s philosophical treatise, as many as the imagination, Aristotle, did not inherit the post of director of the Academy.

After the death of Plato, Aristotle, in Mysia friend Hermias, Atarneus and king of Assos, Aristotle was invited to the court. During his three-year stay in Mysia, Aristotle met his first wife, Pythias, Hermias’ niece married. Together, the couple put the name of his mother is a daughter, Pythias said.

In 338 BC, Aristotle is the son of King Philip II, Alexander the Great to read the 13-year-old went home to Macedonia to begin. Aristotle held in high esteem both Philip and Alexander and the Macedonian court, that compensated him generously for his work ensured.

Alexander succeeded his father as king and had conquered Athens after 335 BC, Aristotle, went back to the city. In Athens, Xenocrates now run by the Academy of Plato, Greek thought was still the dominant influence. With the permission of Alexander, Aristotle’s Lyceum in Athens, his own school called, began. Lyceum of Aristotle in Athens closed and a teacher, researcher and writer spent most of the remainder of his working life.

Aristotle teaching, forcing him to follow his students, science and math research on subjects ranging from philosophy and politics Lyceum members. “About to travel,” meaning “, Peripatetics” has been nicknamed the school grounds was known to walk around, because almost everything in between. Art was also a popular area of ​​interest. Lyceum members wrote their findings in manuscripts. In doing so, they first great libraries of the ancient accounts had been credited as one of the school’s vast collection of content writing, producing.

Aristotle’s Lyceum opened that same year, his wife Pythias died. Soon after, who hailed from his hometown of Aristotle Stagira Herpyllis started a romance with a woman named. According to some historians, Herpyllis Macedonia was given to him by the court slaves of Aristotle, can be. He said he finally freed and married her that presumption. Regardless, it Herpyllis after Aristotle’s father, a son named Nicomachus, including Aristotle is known that children bore. Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics son named in tribute to his famous philosophical work is considered.

Former student of Aristotle, Alexander the Great died suddenly in 323 BC, the pro-Macedonian government was overthrown, and in light of the anti-Macedonian sentiment, Aristotle was charged with desecration. To avoid being prosecuted, he left Athens and he will remain until his death, where Euboea, on the island fled to Chalcis.

Aristotle technically was not a scientist by today’s definition, science during his time on the length of the Lyceum research was among the topics. Aristotle knowledge that physical objects can be achieved through dialogue with faith. He said that the condition of the objects manipulated to determine the outcome of the object that were made possible by the conclusion. He also recognized that human interpretation and personal associations that have played a role in our understanding of objects.

Aristotle in science research included a study of biology. He said that based on their similar characteristics to classify animals into generation, some error with attempted. She had red blood and those that did not classify them based on animal species. “Bloodless” animal cephalopods were labeled, whereas animals with red blood, were mostly spine. Despite the relative inaccuracy of his hypothesis, Aristotle’s classification system as the standard for hundreds of years was considered.

Marine biology was also an area of ​​attraction for Aristotle. Through dissection, he closely examined the anatomy of sea creatures. Expressed in his books as his biological classification, in contrast to his comments about marine life, are much more accurate.

As proof of his treatise season, Aristotle also in earth sciences dabbled. By meteorology, the study of Aristotle did not mean just the weather. Their more expansive definition of meteorology “All we can call air and water for the common affectations, and the types and parts of the earth and its parts. The affectations” includes meteorology, Aristotle identified the water cycle and discuss topics ranging from natural disasters to astrological events. Many of his views were controversial at the time on earth, they readopted and were popular during the late Middle Ages.

One of the main focus of the philosophy of Aristotle logic of his systematic concept. Aristotle objective reality about man will be allowed to learn every conceivable thing that argument was to come up with a universal process. The initial process is underway and action items based on its characteristics, describe the states involved. In his philosophical treatise, Aristotle man and projected through the next cut can get information about the objects discussed how. For Aristotle, the cut was a reasonable argument, “Some things are determined, some of them being so much out of necessity as follows.” He cut a judgment call based on the principle philosophers, is a logical conclusion of a certain estimated by two or more other premises where logic.

In his book First Analytics, Aristotle “These things are so because the results need to be considered, some of the things some of the different things having been considered, in which a discourse.” Aristotle explains the reasoning in the case of justice as the main components of inclusive and exclusive relationships defined. Venn diagram visually through the use of these types of relationships were grafted into the future.

Aristotle’s philosophy, man is provided with a system of logic, but it is not even touched on morality. Nichomachean ethics, he said what he called the moral code of conduct laid down for “good living.” He argued that some measures being more restrictive laws in defiance of the real world can present a conflict of personal values ​​that since the situation has become. That said, the development of his or her own judgment, while caution was dependent on the individual.

Aristotle notes and manuscript drafts as an estimated 200 works, most wrote. They communicate scientific observations and systematic record of the works consist of. After writing his student Aristotle, Theophrastus allegedly saw and later moved to Rome, where they were used by scholars, until the moisture stored them in a vault to protect it from its own student Neleus, passed to them. The estimated 200 works of Aristotle, only 31 are still in circulation. Most of the time at the Lyceum of Aristotle date.

Categories Aristotle’s major writings on logic, on the interpretation, first include analytics and analytics behind. He argues for them and discuss your system for the development of sound reasoning.

Written works of Aristotle discussed the case and form. In his book Metaphysics, he distinguished between the two. With farm was recognized that given the unique nature of a thing, whereas for Aristotle, matter, things did matter.

Nicomachean Ethics and Conduct Eudemian formation behavior and judgment are the major works of Aristotle “good living.” In politics, Aristotle examined human behavior in the context of society and government.

Aristotle Aristotle also examined human psychology to astronomy to discuss moves, the soul, but it was followed by the sky, including a number of works of art including a rhetoric, and the science of creation. People perceive the world, Aristotle’s writings about how to populate several theories of modern psychology continues.

Death and Heritage

In 322 BC, just one year he avoid prosecution under charges of impiety fled to Chalcis, the Aristotle of the digestive organs have contracted a disease and died. In the century after his death, his works fell out of use, but was revived during the first century. Over time, they appeared more than seven centuries, came to lay the foundation. Only about his influence on philosophy, Aristotle’s work of late antiquity through the Renaissance influenced such ideas. Aristotle’s influence on Western thought in the humanities and social sciences to a large extent contributed to his teacher Plato, and before him, with the exception of Plato’s teacher Socrates, is considered unique. Interpretation and philosophical works of Aristotle argued two centuries continues to bear-strong academic exercise.


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